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2nd International Conference on Clinical Nutrition& Dietetics, will be organized around the theme “Proliferating Wellness by Clinical Nutrition”
Clinical Nutrition- 2023 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Clinical Nutrition- 2023
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Clinical nutrition is nutrition required for patients with medical issues. Clinical in this sense refers to the management of patients, including not only outpatients at clinics, but also (and mainly) inpatients in hospitals. Basically it incorporates the scientific areas of nutrition and dietetics. It aims to keep a healthy energy balance in patients, as well as providing sufficient amounts other nutrients such as protein, vitamins, and minerals. Clinical nutrition plays a significant role in disease prevention. It joins primarily the scientific fields of nutrition and dietetics. The main aim for clinical nutrition is to keep a healthy energy balance in patients, as well as providing sufficient amounts of nutrients such as proteins, minerals and vitamins. Nutritional Assessment, Parenteral nutrition and Nutrition Physiology comes under clinical nutrition
- Enteral or parenteral route - Strategy
- Parenteral nutrition
- Considerations during intensive care
- Farm environment
- Public health and Consumer Protection
- Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency Disorders
- Nutritional assessment
The major nutrients that our body wants area unit proteins, carbohydrates and fats. These offer the body with energy for numerous functions like beating of heart, activity of muscles and brain, etc. additionally, the body wants vitamins and minerals for its optimum functioning. To urge a diet and nutrition, it's necessary to decide on foods from all food teams (cereals, pulses, poultry and meat, milk and milk product, fruits and vegetables).
The diverse nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fat, minerals, and vitamins) are allotted in 4 essential meals companies: grain products, greens and fruit, milk and milk alternatives and meat and meat options. The food manual specifies the each day recommended quantities for every of those groups. The encouraged everyday intake of protein for a grownup female is ready 45g and that for an adult make is about 55.5g. This wide variety is variable by using opinion due to the fact researches are nonetheless being performed to find out how lots protein an average individual virtually calls for. To make certain that you get sufficient protein, ensure which you take 2-3 portions of it within the day.
- Carbs, Protein
- Fat, Fiber
- Minerals and Water.
While aging can’t be stopped fully, it can be slower down with the help of proper nutrition & healthy diet. Skin reflects the inner health status of body. Vitamins, carotenoids, tocopherols, flavonoids and a variety of plant extracts possess antioxidant properties & are widely used for anti-aging treatment either topically or orally. Anti-oxidants such as carotenoids, flavonoids, tocopherols, vitamins (A, C, D and E), and essential omega-3-fatty acids, some proteins and lactobacilli are capable of promoting healthy skin. The best prevention approach against the harmful action of free radicals is a healthy lifestyle (caloric restriction, body care and physical exercise), with low stress conditions and a balanced nutritional diet, including anti-oxidative rich food. To maintain a good skin it is mandatory to drink water properly along with taking Vitamin C rich fruits to prevent any kind of skin diseases.
- antioxidant properties
Sports nutrition deals with the well-designed nutrition plans assigned for athletes. The energy required for living and physical activity comes from the food we eat and fluid intake. All the Macronutrients are required for energy resources for as nutrition for athletes. Active adults and competitive athletes turn to sports nutrition to help them achieve their goals. Examples of individual goals could include gaining lean mass, improving body composition, or enhancing athletic performance. These sport-specific scenarios require differing nutritional programs.
Research findings indicate the right food type, caloric intake, nutrient timing, fluids, and supplementation are essential and specific to each individual. Proper exercises & physical activity along with proper nutrition includes daily healthy habits to maintain good health & fitness.
- Exercise, Nutrition and Health
- Amino Acid Metabolism in Exercise
- Nutrition, Neurotransmitters and Central Nervous System Fatigue
- Temperature Regulation and Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
- The Overweight Athlete
- Eating Disorders in Athlete
Kinesiology is the study of human movement that provides detailed information about the state of health. The use of kinesiology to improve human well-being includes physical education, rehabilitation, fitness and safety, health improvement, work environment, sports, and exercise.
The foods we eat always have significant effect on our health. Changes in diet can improve health as well as help prevent or control diseases i.e. Obesity, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases. Dietetics is the science of how food and nutrition affects human health. Along with physical activity, diet can help reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and improve overall health. Unhealthy eating habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic in the United States: about one-third of U.S. adults (33.8%) are obese and approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2 to19 years are obese. Even for people at a healthy weight, a poor diet is associated with major health risks that can cause illness and even death. The link between good nutrition and healthy weight, reduced chronic disease risk, and overall health is too important to ignore. As with physical activity, making small changes in diet, one can go a long way.
- Chronic disease
- Cardiovascular diseases
The Food Processing is the transfiguration of prepared ingredients by physical or chemical means into food or food into other forms. The food industry blends raw food ingredients to supply marketable food products which will be easily prepared and served by the buyer. Food processing typically includes actions such as chopping and macerating, liquefying, emulsifying, and preparing food (e.g., boiling, frying, frying, or grilling); pickling, pasteurization, and many other types of canning; and canning or other packaging.
Nutrition Disorders are the result of irregular & unhealthy eating habits. It may include inadequate or excessive food intake which finally affect one’s health & well-being. Nutrition Disorders may develop at any age of human life. The consequences are detrimental & sometimes even fatal. Along with unhealthy eating habits it may occur due to some biological reasons i.e. hormonal, genetically developed & nutritional deficiencies. Nutrition Disorders may lead to one of the most occurring disease i.e. obesity, which is leading cause of death worldwide in 21st century. Sometimes ill eating habits may lead to certain mental issues & depressions. Currently nutritional therapy & certain medications are used to treat Nutrition Disorders. Similarly certain Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) & psychological therapies are also used in certain cases.
The zones of enthusiasm for Nutrition and Metabolism envelop thinks about in atomic nourishment with regards to heftiness, diabetes, lipidemia’s, metabolic disorder and exercise physiology. Original copies identified through subatomic, cellular and human digestion, supplementation discovery, and collaboration on supplement quality are also as enthusiastic as recordings that use new and creative systems such as metabolomics / lipidomic or other omics-based biomarkers to predict nutritional status and metabolic disorders.
Probiotics & prebiotics are one of the most important topics in the field of nutrition these days. Although, they are sound similar but they are having different impact on human health. Prebiotics are those food product or supplements which contain live bacteria, found in human gut, are used to improve health. These gut bacteria are collectively known as gut flora or gut microbiota. These are having a role of improving digestion along with these are known to reduce the effect of bowel inflammation, regulate blood sugar levels, lowers cholesterol level. Current research shows that they are able to reduce effects of everything from colon cancer to Alzheimer's risk, and their findings are promising. Unlike probiotics, prebiotics are non-living organisms. These are soluble, fermentable fibers that we’re unable to digest in our stomachs. This allows them to progress to our intestines, where this is eaten up by probiotics and fermented into short-chain fatty acids.
- blood sugar
Pediatric Nutrition is well-defined as maintaining a well-balanced diet consisting of the abundant nutrients and the adequate caloric consumption which is mandatory to stimulate development and withstand the physiological necessities at several phases of a child's growth & development. It also includes Nutritional requirements in infants & children and various caring practices. Due to deficiency of nutrition particularly during critical ages of growth, causes improper development or major illness, such as anaemia due to the deficiency of iron or scurvy due to lack of vitamin C. Nutrition plays a critical role in childhood development, which results in both good and bad. Proper nutrition helps in the appropriate growth and development of children allowing them to reach their complete potential. During the growing years between infancy and adolescence, adequate nutrition is of utmost importance. Proper diet will not only support the normal growth and development of a growing child, but also supports their immune system, and develops lifelong eating habits. Although dietary needs, appetites, and tastes will vary widely throughout childhood, it is important to consistently provide your child with healthy options from all of the major food groups.
- Health and nutritional status and feeding practices
- Recommended nutrient intakes
- Energy and macronutrients
- Minerals other than iron, Control of iron deficiency
- Breastfeeding and alternatives
- Caring practices
Technological advances bring new opportunities for scientific research to aid our understanding of human mechanisms. This enables researchers and practitioners to build on traditional methods using different assessment tools to advance research and give the most appropriate advice to patients
One area which has seen particular advancement is nutrigenomics; The study of how diet and nutrients affect gene expression. This includes analysis of mRNA, proteins and metabolites and can be used as a research tool to study the physiological effects of nutrition. This is key in understanding how nutrition can affect health and disease. Nutrigenomics technology is an emerging science which allows complex biomarkers to be analyzed and may lead to developing new biomarkers for health. However, caution must be taken to ensure that that the data collected is integrated, validated and meaningful.
Heftiness is characterized by utilizing weight file (BMI) and is assessed as far as fat circulation and aggregate cardiovascular hazard factor. Heftiness is for the most part caused by a blend of over the top admission, absence of physical movement and hereditary powerlessness
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, because of insulin production is inadequate or the body’s cells do not respond properly to the insulin or both. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes) is known as juvenile diabetes. It is usually identify in the children and young adults. It arises from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β cells and it can be managed with insulin as well as dietary changes and exercise. Whereas type 2 diabetes is a heterogeneous condition resulting from a combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with non-insulin medications, insulin, weight loss, or dietary changes. Type 3 diabetes is caused by the insulin resistance in the brain and it may lead to Alzheimer’s disease. There are several other rare types of diabetes such as Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults (LADA), double diabetes and brittle diabetes. The common symptoms of diabetes are weight loss, slow healing wounds, polyuria (increased urination), numbness in the feet, polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia.
- Diabetes Diet, Eating & Physical Activity
- Protein Diet
- Weight-loss planning
- Carbohydrate counting
The attainment of excellent nutrition depends on and encompasses the complete food provide. Plant and animal foods and their numerous elements area unit the first vehicles that offer nourishment to mortals. Nutrition is significant, not solely within the growth and development of humans and animals however conjointly within the brand treatment of sickness. Nutrition is additionally basic to the upkeep of excellent health and practicality. Basic and applied analysis on the interrelations between nutrition and noninfectious diseases, nutrient composition, and nutrition observance represents the underpinnings for healthy populations and sturdy economies. Thus, innovative nutrition analysis and education offer the idea for solutions to larger health-related problems, permitting people to measure healthier and a lot of productive lives
Food Science deals with the method of raw agricultural proves into food merchandise that unit of measurement acceptable for human consumption. A Food Scientist possesees the skills necessary to convert these raw materials into the safe, attractive food products and beverages available on our supermarket shelves. Food Scientists constantly kindle to spice up existing techniques by that new merchandise unit of measurement developed processed, packaged, keep and transported.
- Nutritional Biochemistry
- Dietary guidelines and nutrition assessment studies
- Food Science of Animal Resources
- Nutrition and metabolism
- Effects of malnutrition in children- Treatment strategies
- Nutrition literacy
Food chemistry generally combines chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of food. Biological substances include food such as meat, poultry, salad, beer, milk. It is as similar as biochemistry in its main components such as carbohydrates, lipids, and protein, but also includes areas such as water, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, food additives, flavors, and colors. Food biotechnology is generally the use of technology to modify the genes of food sources. Our food sources are basically animals, plants, and microorganisms. Through food biotechnology, we create new species of animals and plants, such as the animals and plants that we eat.
The food you consume on a daily basis is the result of extensive food research, a systematic investigation into a variety of foods’ properties and compositions. After the initial stages of research and development comes the mass production of food products using principles of food technology. All of these interrelated fields contribute to the food industry. Food science draws from many disciplines such as biology, chemical engineering, and biochemistry in an attempt to better understand food processes and ultimately improve food products for the general public. As the stewards of the field, food scientists study the physical, microbiological, and chemical makeup of food. By applying their findings, they are responsible for developing the safe, nutritious foods and innovative packaging that line supermarket shelves everywhere.
- Food engineering
- Food microbiology
- Food packaging
- Food preservation
- Food preservation
Dietary supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbs, botanicals, enzymes, amino acids, or other dietary ingredients. You take these products by mouth in pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid form to supplement your diet. Functional foods are foods that have a potentially positive effect on health beyond basic nutrition. Proponents of functional foods say they promote optimal health and help reduce the risk of disease. An example is orange juice that's been fortified with calcium for bone health. Functional foods can be considered to be those whole, fortified, enriched or enhanced foods that provide health benefits beyond the provision of essential nutrients (e.g., vitamins and minerals), when they are consumed at efficacious levels as part of a varied diet on a regular basis.
- Probiotics for Animal Health
- Applications of Probiotics in Aquaculture
- Probiotics in Diabetics
Food packaging is packaging for food. A package provides protection, tampering resistance, and special physical, chemical, or biological needs. It may bear a nutrition facts label and other information about food being offered for sale. After use, organic matter that is still in the food packaging needs to be separated from the packaging. This may also require rinsing of the food packaging. It is critical to maintain food safety during processing, packaging, storage, logistics (including cold chain), sale, and use. Conformance to applicable regulations is mandatory. All aspects of food production, including packaging, are tightly controlled and have regulatory requirements. Uniformity, cleanliness and other requirements are needed to maintain Good Manufacturing Practices.
Nutraceuticals product is a food or fortified food product that not only supplements the diet but also assists in treating or preventing disease (apart from anemia), so provides medical benefits. Nutraceuticals are not tested and regulated to the extent of pharmaceutical drugs. A functional food for one consumer can act as a nutraceuticals for another consumer. Examples of nutraceuticals include fortified dairy products (e.g., milk) and citrus fruits (e.g., orange juice). Several naturally derived food substances have been studied in cancer therapies. Other than traditional ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, carotenoids and fibers, formulators have started to include ingredients such as plant sterols, polyphenols, probiotics, and fatty acids in nutraceutical products.
Last year was all about plant protein, sprouted foods and healthy fats. My prediction is that 2018 will be focused on eating to prevent and manage health conditions such as Alzheimer's disease andboosting digestive health.
- Plant power
- Mood & mental wellness
- Transparency for trust
- Healthy ageing is active ageing
- Digestive health
Animal nutrition focuses on the dietary needs of animals, primarily those in agriculture and food production, but also in zoos, aquariums, and wildlife management. There are seven major classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, proteins, vitamins, and water. Nutritional Requirements of Livestock. The essential nutrients required by grazing animals are water, energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins. These nutrients are needed to maintain body weight, growth, reproduction, lactation, and health